Textile in Iran


Background and History of Textile in Iran


As mentioned above, textile industry has an old history in Iran. During many years, this industry was also developed in Iran, which was transferred to all countries, including Iran, after developments in Europe and renaissance period. Before that time, weaving was done by special leathers and weaving was done by hands.
Different textile equipment was transferred to Iran after mass production in Europe. The first textile factory was started up in Isfahan in 1925. Before that, a factory was set up in Tehran during Qajar by the first chairman of national parliament, Mortezagholikhan Sani’odoleh, which was stopped due to foreign competition.
Upon flourish of textile in Isfahan and establishment of several factories in this city, Isfahan was famed as East Manchester; however, upon wearing the equipment, these factories were stopped one after another during 1970s and 1980s. After termination of the incurred war in 1980s, textile factories were recovered in different sections, such as beating, spinning, weaving, dying, printing, and sewing.
Textile Industry Association was established in Iran in 1961, which increased synergy and cooperation in this industry, and today this industry is the most important one in country.
Now, Textile Industry Association has 400 members and the productions of these members has developed from cotton threads to a vast spectrum of products.
Khorasan Razavi Province
Khorasan Razavi Province, which its center is Mashhad, is one of the 31st province in Iran. This province, which is located at the NE of Iran, is one of the industrial provinces of country utilizing airport, railroad, and land transportation systems. Proximity with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan has produced a strategic situation for this province.
Kashmar City
This city is located at 240 km from Mashhad. Kashmar is 5,000 km2 in area and its population is about 102,000 according to the last census.
This city is located at SW of Khorasan Razavi Province and is neighbor of South Khorasan Province, Yazd, and Semnan. Both Khorasan Razavi and South Khorasan are the major poles of cotton production in Iran. Also, proximity to the cotton-producing provinces such as Golestan and Mazandaran and access to the eastern and northern borders provides importing and exporting cotton products.